Sometimes mental health disorders affect our ability to think. We often sense their effect on our mind and mental peace. Schizophrenia is a chronic and severe mental health disorder. Basically, in this condition, the patient struggles to think, feel, and behave clearly. As a result, the patient may experience and show some very unusual behaviour. Hearing voices (hallucinations) and distorted or false perception, often bizarre beliefs are some common feelings that a patient may experience. They are unable to distinguish between reality and imaginary incidents.
What is Catatonic Schizophrenia?
Catatonic Schizophrenia is a mental illness in which people cannot have any expression in their facial expression, body language, or actions. It is caused by the loss of connection between the frontal lobe and regions of the brain that controls emotions.
Writing is often used as a way to elicit feeling, so when someone has this disorder, it can be hard for them to express themselves in writing despite being fully capable of doing so when they are speaking with someone else. The lack of expression that catatonic schizophrenia causes tend to lead people into isolating themselves from others resulting in social isolation beyond what was previously possible for them without voice or written language impairment.
Also check out: Schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.
Symptoms of Catatonic Schizophrenia
Catatonic schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by a lack of emotional expression and movement or speaking, and with this condition, there may also be evidence of abnormalities in the way the brain produces protein.
Catatonic schizophrenic symptoms can include:
The following is a list of common signs, with descriptions and remedies for most:
The slowness of movement and muscle stiffness – The person will move slowly or seems to feel like they always need help with their body movements. There may be an unusual stiffness in the muscles that makes them difficult to move. This may sometimes spread to speech; speech becomes either slow with long pauses or word salad.
Impaired emotions – A person with catatonic schizophrenia may appear disinterested in their surroundings, even in happy events. They may be unable to feel sadness or anger; they may appear to be unable to feel anything at all.
Frequent, involuntary movements – These are called tics (involuntary movements) or body-rocking (involuntary movement of the whole body). Tics are most common among people with the disorder but can occur at any time. Catatonic schizophrenia can also increase the frequency of behaviours that would normally occur during sleep (e.g., body twitches, rocking) or medication side effects (e.g., fast blinking, chewing on lips). Chorea is another name for catatonia.
Also check out: Schizophrenia – Myths and Facts
There are also the typical symptoms like hallucinations, delusions, disorganized speech (word salad), etc. associated with catatonic schizophrenia. This is one of the most difficult aspects of the disorder to pinpoint; however, it may be present in mild or moderate forms. These symptoms can be confused with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and other types of mental illness like bipolar disorder and non-affective psychosis (schizophrenia).
Symptoms can include Motor problems – Lack of motor movement or movement that cannot be controlled.
Diagnoses about Catatonic Schizophrenia
Diagnose of Catatonic schizophrenia – schizophrenia is a mental disorder where people experience false perceptions.
What are some of the symptoms of catatonic schizophrenia? People who have catatonic schizophrenia may have these symptoms: difficulties in movement or speaking, being very withdrawn, sleeping more than usual, not reacting to anything happening around them. It can make it hard to concentrate and act appropriately in social situations.
What are the treatments for catatonic schizophrenia? Without treatment, this condition can last months or years. The most common treatment for this illness is psychotherapy with medication to manage moods, behaviour, and psychotic experiences. Other treatments that may help include rehabilitation programs and techniques to support self-awareness and self-care skills.
Also check out: Schizophrenia Symptoms- Positive and Negative.
Causes of Catatonic Schizophrenia
causes of Catatonic schizophrenia are – -Stress
-Change in environment
-Drugs (some drugs like LSD)
This post will tell you what causes Catatonic schizophrenia and how to avoid it. The causes of schizophrenia are stress, depression, change in environment, or certain drugs. Since the causes are not well known, it is hard to completely avoid getting Catatonic schizophrenia. But if any of these things happen to you try your best to relax and lower the stress level because that could help with your stress which can cause this disorder.
Treatment for Catatonic Schizophrenia
Treatment of Catatonic schizophrenia
Catatonia is a rare disorder that arises from many different mental health conditions. The symptoms form two groups: motor and non-motor symptoms. Motor symptoms refer to the movement of the patient, while non-motor symptoms refer to negative or withdrawn behaviours such as lack of speech, lack of motivation, and lack of emotion. Treatment can range from medication to talking therapy sessions. It is rare that treatment is completely successful in removing all of the symptoms, but can help reduce some of the more severe symptoms.
Catatonic schizophrenia involves the following symptoms:
Positive Symptoms are uncommon in this condition. Doctors have found these positive symptoms to be less likely to be obvious in patients with Catatonic Schizophrenia than other types of schizophrenia. This is because these patients are very withdrawn and have a lack of motivation which makes it hard for them to speak clearly or move at all some days, making it hard for them to do these behaviours that are associated with positive symptoms.
Some of the positive symptoms of Catatonic Schizophrenia include:
Research has found that Catatonia is a rare syndrome that only affects about 1 in every 100,000 people. A study done in 2001 found out that most people with Catatonia were between 15 and 25 years old, and had been diagnosed with schizophrenia when they were between 15 and 22 years old. The symptoms began right after they were diagnosed and progressed into Catatonia within three to five years. People with Catatonia tend to develop symptoms gradually, so it is hard for them to differentiate their symptoms from normal behaviours.