Stepwell or Rani ki Vav is one of the most popular World Heritage Sites located in the town of Patan in Gujarat, India. Rani ki Vav gets the honor to be placed on Rs 100 note which reveals Indian history and culture.
Widowed Queen Udayamati built this step well in the memory of King Bhimdev-I of Solanki dynasty. This was constructed during 1063 to 1068 AD on the banks of the Saraswati River. On 22 June 2014, this was added to the list of UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites.
The ‘Rani ki vav’ is now known to be the queen among step wells of India. 30-kilometer tunnel with a small gate below the last step currently blocked by stones and mud leads to the town of Sidhpur located near Patan. This east-facing step well measures approximately 20 m wide, 27 m deep and 64 m long. It was one of the largest and the most splendid structures of its kind.
This was not meant merely for collecting water and socializing but also embraces great mystical significance. Originally, the vavs of Gujarat were constructed simple, but became more artistic over the years, perhaps to make obvious the ancient concept of the sanctity of water with the addition of carved stone deities. Travelers enter Rani Ki Vav as if it is an inverted temple, where one steps down various levels to the water.
The title of “Cleanest Iconic Place” in India was earned by Rani ki Vav at the Indian Sanitation Conference (INDOSAN) 2016. This monument was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
RBI will soon issue new Rs.100 note will feature ‘Rani ki vav’ with Lavender color on the reverse side. The same was announced on 19th July 2018 has created curiosity in the whole world to know about the mystery behind Queen’s Stepwell of India.