The India Meteorological Department (IMD) announced on Tuesday that Southern Peninsular India endured its sixth driest October in 123 years, receiving only 74.9mm of rainfall, a staggering 60% below the normal levels for the month. This region, encompassing Kerala, Mahe, south interior Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Karaikal, Puducherry, coastal Andhra Pradesh, Yanam, and Rayalaseema, typically relies on rainfall from both the retreating southwest monsoon and the incoming northeast monsoon during October. However, this year, the region experienced an unprecedented dry spell for nearly 25 days.
The conclusion of the southwest monsoon, following its 134-day season, occurred nearly on schedule this year, which significantly contributed to the below-average rainfall. One of the primary factors behind this disappointing monsoon was the timing of the northeast monsoon, coinciding with various oceanic elements. The northeast monsoon officially began on October 21, and the active Bay of Bengal, along with cyclonic activity, significantly influenced the onset.
This worrying meteorological occurrence emphasizes how crucial it is to keep an eye on and comprehend shifting weather patterns in a world where climate change is having an increasing impact. October’s drought in Southern Peninsular India might have a significant impact on the area’s ecosystem, water supplies, and agricultural practices.
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