Endogenous psychosis is a part of the list of severe mental illnesses. Endogenous psychosis is formed by the action of a provoking factor, which has an internal origin. In the article, we will consider the signs and symptoms of this disease.
What is Psychosis?
Psychosis is a serious mental illness characterized by a violation of the ability to distinguish between fantasy and reality and to adequately assess what is happening. Furthermore, psychosis is a general term used to describe specific types of serious mental health problems.
Any type of psychosis causes great harm to the life of the sick child. Psychosis, as a rule, creates problems with the organization of thinking, the correct use of language, the control of impulses – behaviour according to social norms, the expression of feelings, and relationships with other people.
The basis of endogenous psychosis
It should be noted that a specific reason for which the patient could be this psychological, was not found. But experts have discovered factors that contribute to the formation of the disease in a certain way.
So, endogenous psychosis can be formed by exposure to external factors. This mental disorder can be caused by excessive consumption of alcohol or drugs. Experts say that the basis of endogenous psychosis is a breakdown of the endocrine balance and the central nervous system. Sometimes the disease is determined by atherosclerosis of the cerebral vessels, hypertension, or schizophrenia. The course of this type of disease is characterized by the duration and frequency of manifestations.
Symptoms of Endogenous Psychosis
Symptoms of the disease can be expressed in general, even before the onset of the pathological condition. But, according to experts, they can be relatively difficult to determine
Early symptoms may be considered:
- periodic occurrence of feelings of anxiety;
- be scared;
- growth potential
As a rule, diseases cause depression, there are interruptions with sleep, appetite, a person becomes apathetic. At the same time, disability decreases, attention is disturbed, and any, even insignificant, Distress is the basis of stress. Endogenous psychosis also affects the formation of individual modifications of stimuli. This, in turn, leads to feelings of fear, depression, or sudden mood swings.
Endogenous psychosis is directly affected by personal changes. It is manifested in the fact that the patient sees the world in an altered form, the patient feels that he is being monitored. As a rule, in the patient’s speech, indistinct statements slip, which turn into nonsense.
In such patients, deep thinking disorders, are accompanied by hallucinations. For no apparent reason, such a person may become depressed. And the basis of such modifications is the loss of a general worldview. As a rule, the patient does not know what is happening to him at the moment, and cannot assess how difficult his mental transformation is.
Childhood and adolescent psychosis
Endogenous psychosis in children and adolescents has not marked symptomatology and therefore may have a different configuration. Clear symptoms for specialists consider the emergence of delusions. A child primarily can think, feel, hear what is not in reality. Thus the child has a behavioural disorder, which is expressed, for example, by laughing at disappointing things, nervousness, and irritability for no reason. Children also write unusual words.
It is the presence of hallucinations and mania that are the earliest signs of a diagnosis of psychosis in children.
Endogenous psychosis in children and adolescents
In the case of adolescent psychosis, the risk of suicide is significantly increased because these patients experience poor self-control. For this reason, such patients should be hospitalized.
Causes of childhood psychosis
The causes of the formation of psychosis in childhood are varied. But there are main factors that provoke poisoning.
- long-term drugs;
- suffered high body temperature;
- hormonal imbalance
- Sometimes a child psychologist can develop without accompanying diseases. Children born with serious anomalies of the constitutional type are subject to psychosis that manifest themselves at an early age. In most cases, such patients are disabled for life.
This type of disease is considered a difficult mental illness that is characterized by confusion, delusions, and a feeling of the fantastic nature of everything that results. It is quite difficult to determine the immediate cause of the formation of the disease. Experts distinguish 3 groups of acute delusional psychosis:
- Acute endogenous psychosis They are for the most part provoked by internal causes.
- Acute exogenous psychosis appears due to the influence of external traumatic causes but, according to experts, alcohol plays a special role among the provoking factors.
- The provoking factor of organic acute psychosis disease can be a tumor or brain injury.
Acute manic-depressive psychosis
This type of illness is considered the most difficult. With this form of the disease, the patient is experiencing severe depressive states with phases of extreme emotionality. The peculiarity of the disease lies in the fact that a person is in a nervous state for a long time.
Acute reactive psychosis
The presence of the disease is associated with an acute reaction of the body to a severely stressful situation. According to experts, this type of disease has the most favourable prognosis, and in the vast majority of cases is eliminated after the elimination of a stressful situation.
Often, for direct treatment of the disease, the patient must be hospitalized. Such manipulations are mainly associated with the fact that the patient is in a state of distorted perception of the world, therefore, without realizing it, harm to himself and others.
Also check out: Catatonic Schizophrenia – Symptoms, Causes.
Schizophrenia is a chronic endogenous psychosis, a mental disorder that continues for a long time and is characterized by changes in personality in a progressive form
Chronic endogenous psychosis
It is necessary to distinguish 2 concepts – signs and symptoms of the disease, as they have some differences. Thus, there are some symptoms of chronic endogenous psychosis, which include:
Occurs due to lack of logical thinking in the patient This feature is due to lack of vocabulary
autism. This feature is characterized by the isolation of the patient from the outside world by immersion in himself. Such a person lives in his world. As a rule, his interests are limited, and his actions are monotonous. Such a patient is characterized by a complete lack of humour, therefore, what is said is accepted literally by the patient.
Treatment of psychosis
Strong drugs for the treatment of endogenous psychosis
The treatment of these diseases is carried out only under the supervision of specialists, as strong drugs for the treatment of endogenous psychosis are prescribed depending on the patient’s age, complexity, and type of disease. A special place in medicine is given to drugs, antidepressants (“Pirazidol”, “Amitriptyline”, “Personal”), tranquilizers (“Seduxen”) and neuroleptics (“Triftazin”, “Stelazin”, “Chlorpromazine”). Equally important is the psychological correction of the patient’s social behaviour. Treatment of them requires round-the-clock monitoring and can take a long time as the body is depleted not only emotionally, but also physically.
But the duration of therapy from time to time treatment usually takes no more than 2 months. In neglected cases, the course may be delayed indefinitely. Therefore, if symptoms of the disease develop, it is necessary to consult a doctor as soon as possible.
Feature Image credits: San Antonio Behavioural Healthcare Hospital